Undergraduate Studies

School of Architecture - Technical University of Crete

History and Theory of Architecture II

Medieval world – Theocratic space vs Renaissance world – Anthropocentric space
This course will introduce students to the evolution of history of architecture from Byzantine to the Renaissance era. It will also highlight significant events, styles, architects, buildings and other factors that will lead to an understanding of why various cultures produced the architecture of their time and which were the answers that architects, buildings and cities have given to the major architectural and urban demands. Each lesson has as an axis a theoretical sense which is approached through architecture of the specific era it examines. The opposed dipoles as methodological approach and mainly the dipole theocratic- anthropocentric space are used for the optimal comprehension of the architecture and city of each period and for the introduction of the students to a more complicated consideration of the era.

Unit I:  MEDIEVAL WORLD – Theocratic space
Christianity and theocratic space
The cosmological symbolism in Byzantine architecture
From Classical to Byzantine world –Early-Christian architecture
Ecclesiastical architecture in Byzantine Greece
Western Medieval architecture and the expression of the analytical spirit of the West
The Aghia Sophia of Constantinople and the expression of the Divine
Greek monasteries as architectural compositions and the expression of picturesque
The Byzantine City

Unit II: RENAISSANCE  WORLD - Athropocentric space
Humanism and Athropocentric  space – Εarly Renaissance
High Renaissance
Mannerism – The subversion of architectural vocabulary
Andrea Palladio and the germs of modernity
Cretan Renaissance  - Metropolis and Periphery
Baroque – Architecture and Art as supporters of the Church’s power
Baroque – Architecture and Art as supporters of monarchy


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